开考市区
首页广东成人高考加分降分政策详解

网站专题频道广东成人高考加分降分政策详解栏目,提供与广东成人高考加分降分政策详解相关的所有资讯,希望我们所做的能让您感到满意!

广东省成人高考高起点语文常见易错成语

08-10

标签:

      不足为训:不能当作范例或法则。

  差强人意:差:稍微地。原来意思是很能振奋人,现多用来表示比人预想的好一些,还算让人满意。容易误解为“不如人意”。

  惨淡经营:煞费心思,着意布置、谋划和管理某项事业。

  侧目而视:斜着眼睛看人。形容畏惧、憎恨或鄙视的样子。

  登堂入室:登上厅堂,又进入内室。比喻学问由浅入深、循序渐进、达到更高的水平。亦比喻学艺深得师传。

  改弦更张:弦的松紧与调的高低不合,应收紧或放松,使声音和谐。引申为改革变更。

  耿耿于怀:对所经历的事持有看法,不能忘却,牵挂心怀。

  起死回生:救活垂危的人。形容医术高明。

  苦心孤诣:用心良苦,造诣极深。用以称许刻苦钻研学问、创造业绩为他人所不及者。

  身临其境:亲自到某个地方,应与“设身处地”相区别。

  文不加点:写文章不用涂改就很快写成。形容文思敏捷。

  首当其冲:首先受到攻击,首先遭遇灾难。

  叹为观止:赞叹观赏的对象精妙之极、完美之至。

  两小无猜:指幼年男女天真无邪,相处融洽。

  目无全牛:古代有个杀牛的人最初杀牛,眼睛所看见的是整个的牛(“全牛”),三年之后,技艺大进,动刀时只看到皮骨的间隙,而看不到全牛。后因以“目无全牛”比喻技艺精湛纯熟。典出《庄子养生主》。

  紧锣密鼓:多比喻公开活动前的紧张的舆论准备。

  明日黄花:指过了重阳赏菊日的菊花,比喻一旦事过境迁,则徒然感慨。

  祸起萧墙:祸乱产生于家中,比喻灾祸、变乱皆由内部原因所致。

  秀色可餐:形容女子姿容非常美丽或景物非常优美。

  有条不紊:形容做事、说话有条有理,丝毫不乱。

  不刊之论:刊:删改,修订。不可删改或修订的言论。形容文章或言论的精当,无懈可击。容易误用为贬义。

  弹冠相庆:《汉书王吉传》:“吉与贡禹为友。世称‘王阳在位,贡公弹冠’,言其取舍同也。”“弹冠”,掸去帽子上的灰尘准备做官。后来用“弹冠相庆”指一人当了官或升了官,他的同伙也互相庆贺将有官可做,多用作贬义。使用时容易弄错感情色彩。

  重整旗鼓:指失败后重新集合力量再干。此词不能用作贬义。

  不谋而合:没有事先商量而彼此见解或行动完全一致。本词与“不约而同”区别开来,“不约而同”也有不事先商量而彼此见解或行动一致的意思,但“不约而同”只能做状语不能做谓语。

  无可非议:没有什么可以指摘的。应与“无可厚非”区别。“无可厚非”意思是不可过分指责。前者表示言行完全合乎情理,后者表示虽然有缺点,但是还是可以原谅的。

  莫衷一是:折衷,决断;是:对。成语意思是指大家看法不同,不能得出一致的结论。使用时要注意术语不能指一个人。

  刮目相看:指要用新的眼光来看待别人。注意本成语一般用来指看待别人取得的进步和成绩。

  不足为训:训:准则。不能当作典范或法则。

  好整以暇:形容虽在百忙之中仍然从容不迫。不能误用作贬义。

  仁者见仁:指对同一个问题,各人观察的角度不同,见解也不相同。本词使用也要注意语境。如:“在要不要坚持四项基本原则的大是大非面前,大家要仁者见仁,以便达成共识。”这句中的成语属于误用,在原则性的大问题上当然不能“仁者见仁”,否则就不能“达成共识”。

  屡试不爽:爽,差错。经过多次试验都没有差错。注意不能将词义理解反了。

  曾几何时:指时间过去没有多久或不久以前。不能误解为不久的将来。

  附庸风雅:附庸:追随,风雅:文雅,多指才学。为了装点门面结交名士,从事有关文化的活动。不能误作褒义。

  含英咀华:咀:咀嚼,英、华:花朵。把花朵含在嘴里慢慢咀嚼。比喻欣赏、领会诗文的精华。使用时注意本词领会的对象。


广东成人高考《高起点-英语》介词专项辅导复习

08-10

标签:

    by用法

海、陆、空、车、偶、被by,单数人类known to man

  例: by land (air, sea, water, bus)

  陆路(航空,水陆,水路,乘公共汽车)

     by micro bus 坐小面包车(微型汽车)

  by mini bus 坐小面包车

  by train 坐火车

  by trolley bus 坐无轨电车

  by tram 坐有轨电车

  by bike 骑自行车

  by motor car 骑摩托车

  by airbus 坐大型客机(空中汽车〕

  by jeep 坐吉普车

  by chance 偶然

  by accident 偶然,无意中

  以及by virture of 靠、由于

  by leaps and bounds 大幅度地

  by way of 经由

  by the book 按常规

  The list of discoveries by “accident” could fill a long book.

  偶然的发现可以写一本很厚的书。(偶然)

  The law of relativity was formulated by Einstein.

  相对论是爱因斯坦创立的。(被动)

  The book was written by Mr. Zhang.

  这本书是张先生写的。(被动)

  That in 1969 the first artificial satellite was launched to the space is known to man.

  1969 年第一颗人造卫星上了天是众所周知的。

      这里用to man 而不用by.即当单数又无冠词的man和known搭配时,表示人类不用by.

广东省成人高考《高起点-英语》分词复习资料

08-10

标签:

       分词的用法

  1、中文:他理发了。

  (误)He had his hair to be cut.

  (正)He had his hair cut.(have,get+宾语+过去分词表示使…被。)

  2、中文:他喜欢喝凉开水。

  (误)He likes to drink boiling water.

  (正)He likes to drink boiled water.(现在分词表示主动,boiling water指正在沸腾的水;过去分词表示完成,boiled water指沸腾过的水。)

  3、中文:由于做饭,他看上去累了。

  (误)He looked tiring with cooking.

  (正)He looked tired with cooking.(tiring表示令人疲倦的,tired表示人被弄疲倦了。)

  4、中文:我不能让别人明白我的意思。

  (误)I couldn't make myself understand.

  (正)I couldn't make myself understood.(过去分词表示被动,make myself understood表示使我被别人明白。)

  5、中文:昨天早上我上学时见到了我的一个朋友。

  (误)I was walking to school yesterday morning,I met a friend of mine.

  (正)Walking to school yesterday morning,I met a friend of mine.(前一句如作时间从句缺连词,后一句分词构句表时间。)

  6、中文:假期结束了,约翰返回了学校。

  (误)The vacation was over,John returned to school.

  (正)The vacation being over,John returned to school.(前一句如作时间从句缺连词,后一句独立分词构句表时间。)

  7、中文:戴帽子的工人躺在地上。

  (误)The workman worn a hat is lying on the ground.

  (正)The workman wearing a hat is lying on the ground.(带帽子是主动行动,要用现在分词wearing a hat表示。)

  8、中文:小女孩站在那里哭了。

  (误)The little girl stood there cried.

  (正)The little girl stood there crying.(哭是主语the little girl发出的行动,要用现在分词crying表示。)

  9、中文:天气好,我们今天要去郊游。

  (误)Being fine, we'll go outing today.

  (正)It being fine, we'll go outing today.(前一句错在分词构句所表示的动作不是主句的主语发出的;后一句加上表示气候的It作逻辑主语,构成独立分词构句表原因。)

      如果觉得自己学习比较困难,也可以报班学习哦,有专门的老师指导可以更好地学习。

广东成人高考《高起点-英语》代词及其指代一致

08-10

标签:

代词及其指代一致

  (一)代词的指代

  1.that的指代作用

  that指代不可数名词和单数可数名词(如是复数,用those),后面通常跟有修饰语,如出现在比较结构中的that of.如

  Conversation calls for a willingness to alternate the role of speaker with that of listener, and it calls for occasional “digestive pauses” by both.这里that指代前面的the role.

  No bread eaten by men is so sweet as that earned by his own labor.

  2.one的指代作用

  one指代带不定冠词的单数可数名词,复数为ones.the one指代带定冠词的单数可数名词。如:

  A good writer is who can express the commonplace in an uncommon way.

  [A] that [B]he [C]one [D]this

  答案为[C]

  3.do的替代作用。

  do代替动词,注意数和时态的变化。如:

  For him to be re-elected, what is essential is not that his policy works , but that the public believe that it does.

  (二)代词指代一致问题

  代词指代一致是指指代的名词在性、数、格上是否一致,或者所照应的名词词组在某些方面保持一致。

  Each cigarette a person smokes does some harm, and eventually he may get a serious disease form its effect.

  这里he指代前面的person.

  It was during the 1920"s that the friendship between the two American writers Hemingway and Fitzgerald reached its highest point.

  这里its指代前面的两人的friendship.

  Our department was monitored by two supervisors, Bill and me.

  这里me必须用宾格形式。

  代词指代一致必须注意以下几个原则和规律:

  1.邻近和靠近原则

  由either … or, neither…nor, not only…but (also)连接先行词时候,如果两个先行词在数和性上保持一致,就用其相应的一直的人称代词;如果两个先行词在数或性上不一致,人称代词一般与邻近的先行词在数和性上保持一致。

  Neither Mary nor Alice has her key with her.

  Neither the package nor the letters have reached their destination

  If either David or Janet comes , he or she will want a drink

  2.当each, everyone, everybody, no one ,none ,anybody, someone, somebody用作主语或主语的限定词时候,或者anything, nothing, something everything等不定代词作主语时候,其相应的代词一般按照语法一致原则,采取单数形式。如:

  Everybody talked at the top of his voice.

  None of the boys can do it , can he?

  Everything is ready, isn"t it“

  3.当主语为复数形式,后跟each作同位语时,如果each位于动词之前,其后的代词或相应的限定词用复数形式;如果 each位于动词之后,其后的代词或相应的限定词用单数形式。如:

  They each have two coats

  we are each responsible for his own family

  4.由and连接两个先行词,代词用复数

  如:the tourist and businessmen lost their luggage in the accident

如果觉得自己学习起来比较困难,教材也看不懂,也可以报班学习哦,有专门的老师指导可以更系统地学习。

广东成人高考《高起点-英语》平行结构与比较级

08-10

标签:

平行结构很多情况下是由形容词或副词的比较级或者暗含比较意味的连词引导的。如:

  The ideal listener stays both inside and outside the music at the moment it is played and enjoys it almost as much as the composer at the moment he composes.

  大多数情况下平行结构都是具有一定的比较含义的,有的是递进对比not only…but (also) ;prefer…to…;rather than有的是同类对比:and ;but;or;both… and…;either…or…; neither…nor………

  平行结构测试时候注意以下几点:

  1.注意比较结构中相比较的内容在语法形式上是否相同。如:

  It is better to die one"s feet than .

  [A]living on one"s knees [B]live on one"s knees

  [C]on one"s knees [D]to live on one"s knees

  (答案为D)

  Despite the temporary difficulties, the manager prefers increasing the output to decreasing it.

  2.其他具有并列或比较意义的短语也可引导平行结构。

  1)rather than, let alone 虽不是并列连词,但在结构上连接两个语法形式相同的成分。如:

  We are taught that a business letter should be written in a formal style in a personal style.

  [A]rather than [B]other than [C]better than [D]less than

  答案为A

  For the new country to survive, for its people to enjoy prosperity, new economic policies will be required.

  [A] to name a few [B]let alone [C]not to speak [D]let"s say

  (答案为B)

  2)如果平行的两个成分在形式上是介词短语,而且介词相同,一般说来第二个介词不要省略。如:

  At times, more care goes into the composition of newspaper and magazine advertisements than into the writing of the features and editorials.