at a loss 困惑不解,茫然不知所措

at all (用于否定句)丝毫(不),一点(不)

at all costs 不惜任何代价,无论如何

at all events 不管怎样,无论如何

at any rate 无论如何,至少

at best 充其量,至多

at ease 舒适(地),安逸(地)

at first 最初,起初

at hand 近在手边,在附近

at large 详尽的,普遍的;未被获取的

at last 终于,最后

at least 至少

at most 至多,不超过

at no time 从不,决不

at once 马上,立刻;同时,一起

at present 目前,现在

at the cost/expense of 以……为代价

at the end 最终,终了时

at the moment 此刻,目前

at the same tine 同时;然而,不过

at the sight of 一看见……就

laugh at 因……而发笑;嘲笑

look at 看着;看待

by accident 偶然

by all means 尽一切办法,务必

by and by 不久,迟早

by chance 偶然,碰巧

by far ……得多;最多

by means of 用,凭借

by mistake 错误地,无意中(做错了某事)

by no means 决不,绝没有

by oneself 单独地,独自地

by the way 顺便地,附带说说

by way of 经过,经由;通过……的方法

learn by heart 记住,背诵

little by little 一点一点地,逐渐地

side by side 肩并肩地,一起

for ever 永远

for example 例如

for good 永久地

for instance 例如

for the sake of 为了……的利益

for the time being 暂时,眼下

account for 说明(原因等)

allow for 考虑到,顾及

as for/to 至于,关于

ask for 请求,要求

but for 倘没有,要不是

call for要求;需要;邀请

care for 照顾,照料,喜欢

except for 除了……外

go in for 从事于;酷爱;追求

head for 朝……方向走去

in return (for) 作为(对……的)回报,交换

long for 渴望

look for 寻找,寻求;指望,期待

make for 走向,向……前进;导致,促成

make up for 补偿,弥补

pay for 付款;偿还

send for 派人去请;召唤;索取

stand for 是……的缩写,代表,意味着;主张,支持

take…for 认为……是,把……看成是

take for granted 认为……理所当然;(因视作当然而)对……不予以重视

wait for 等候,等待

watch out for 密切注意;戒备,提防

apart from 除……之外(别无);除……之外(尚有)

aside from除……之外(尚有)

far from 远离,远非

from time to time 不时,有时

learn from 学习,向……学习

result from 是(由)……造成

tell…from 辨别,分辨

in a hurry 急于,匆忙

in a sence 在某种意义上

in a way 在某种程度上,从某一点来看

in a word 简而言之,一句话

in addition to 除……之外(还)

in advance 预先,事先

in all 总共,共计

in any case 无论如何,不管怎样

in brief 简单地说

in case 假使,以防万一

in case of 假如,如果发生;防备

in charge of 负责,主管

in common 共有的,共用的

in detail 详细地

in effect 实际上,事实上

in fact 事实上,其实

in favour of 支持,赞成

in front of 在……前面

in general 一般来说,大体上

in half 分成两半

in honour of 向……表示敬意;为纪念,为庆祝

in no case 无论如何不,决不

in no time 立即,马上

in no way 决不

in order 按顺序;整齐

in order to 为了(做某事)

in other words 换句话说,也就是说

in part 部分地

in particular 特别,尤其

in person 亲自

in proportion to 与……成比例

in public 公开地,当众地

in regard to 关于

in relation to 有关,涉及

in short 简言之,总之

in sight 看得见,在视线之内;在望

in spite of 不管,不顾

in the course of 在……期间,在……过程中

in the end 最后,终于

in the face of 在……前面;不管,即使

in the future 在将来

in (the) light of 鉴于,由于

in the way 挡道,妨碍某人

in time 及时;最后,终于

in touch 联系,接触

in turn 依次地,轮流的;转而,反过来

in vain 徒劳,白费力

instead of 替代,而不是

bear…in mind 记住(某事)

break in 破门(窗)而入;打断,插嘴

check in 办理登记手续,报到

cut in 打断,插嘴;(汽车)超车抢档

draw in (火车、汽车等)进站

drop in 顺便(非正式)访问

fall in love with 爱上某人

fill in/out 填写

get in 进入,参加;收(获),收回;插入(话)

hand in 提交;递上

keep in mind 记住

give in 屈服,让步

have in mind 记在心里;考虑到,想到

lie in 在于

once in a while 偶尔

persist in 坚持

play a part (in) (在……中)扮演角色;(在……中)起作用

pull in (车)进站;(船)到岸

result in 引起,导致;理解

take in 欺骗;领会,理解

take part in 参加,参与

turn in 上床睡觉;交还,上交


on a small/large scale 小(大)规模地

on account of 由于,因为

on average 平均;通畅,普通

on behalf of 代表,为了

on board 在船(或车、飞机等)上

on business 因事,因公

on duty 值班,当班

on earth 究竟,到底

on foot 步行

on guard 站岗,警戒

on one’s own 独立地,靠自己地

on purpose 故意地,有目的地

on sale 出售;廉价出售

on second thoughts 经重新考虑,继而一想

on the contrary 正相反

on the one hand 一方面

on the other hand 另一方面

on the spot 在现场,当场

on the whole 总的来说,大体上

on time 准时

and so on 等等

call on 访问,拜访;呼吁,号召

carry on 继续

come on (表示劝说、鼓励等)来吧,走吧;开始

count on 依靠,指望

get on 骑上(马、自行车等),登上(车、船、飞机等);有进展

get on with 与……友好相处;继续干

go on 继续下去,进行

hang on 抓紧不放;坚持下去;(电话不挂)等一会儿

hold on 握住不放;坚持;(打电话用语)等一会儿

keep an eye on 留意,照看

keep on 继续进行,反复地做

live on 靠……生活;以……为食

look down on/upon 蔑视,看不起

look on 旁观;观看

pass on 把……传给别人

put on 穿上;上演

switch off/on (用开关)关掉/开启

take on 承担,从事;呈现(面貌)

touch on 谈及,提及

try on 试穿

turn on 开,旋开(电灯等)

wait on 服侍(某人)

off duty 下班

break off 中断,中止

call off 取消

carry off 拿走,夺去

cut off 切掉;切断;阻隔

get off (从……)下来。逃脱惩罚

give off 发出或放出(光、热、气味等)

let off 排放;放(炮),开(枪)

pay off 还清(债款);取得成功

put off 推迟,拖延

see……off 为某人送行

set off 出发,起程;激起,引起

show off 炫耀;卖弄

take off 脱下(衣帽等);起飞

turn off 关(水源等);拐弯

out of 在……外;离开……,缺乏

out of breath 喘不过气来

out of control 失去控制

out of date 过时的,不用的

out of order 出障碍;秩序混乱

out of place 不再适当的位置;不相称的,格格不入的

out of practice 久不练习,荒疏

out of sight 看不见,在视野之外

out of the question 毫无可能

out of question (现在少用)无疑地

break out (战争等)爆发;使逃脱,使逃走

bring out 使……显示出来;出版

carry out 执行,贯彻;进行(到底)

check out 结帐后离开,办妥手续离开

come out 出版,发表;显现,出现;结果是

cut out 删掉,割去

drop out 退学,退出

fall out 脱落;争吵,闹翻

figure out 计算出;估计

find out 查明;找到;发现

give out 分发;发出(气味等)

go out 熄灭;外出

hand out 分发,散发

die out 消失,灭绝

lay out 布置,安排,设计;摆出,展开

leave out 忽略,遗漏;省略

let out 放掉(水等),发出

look out 留神,注意

make out 写出,开列;看出,辨认出

pick out 选出;辨认出,分辨出

point out 指出,指明

pull out 拔出,抽出;(车、船等)驶出

put out 熄灭;关(灯);公布,出版

run out (of) 用完,耗尽

set out 动身,起程;开始

stand out 引人注目;杰出,出色

try out 试用,试验

turn out 关掉(收音机等);生产,制造;驱逐;结果是

wear out 穿破,用坏;(使)疲乏,(使)耗尽

wipe out 彻底摧毁,消灭

work out 算出;想出,制定出

all over 到处,遍及;全部结束

get over 克服(困难等);从(疾病、失望、震惊等)中恢复过来

go over 检查;复习

hand over 交出,移交

have an advantage over 胜于,优于

look over 仔细检查,细看;察看,巡视

over and over 一再地,再三地

run over (跑)过去;撞倒;溢出

take over 接受,接管;借用,承袭

think over 仔细考虑

turn over 仔细考虑

up to (数量上)多达;(时间上)直到;取决于

uo to date 现代化的,切合目前状况的

back up 支持;倒退

be made up of 由……组成,由……构成

break up 打碎;终止,结束

bring up 教育,培养

build up 建立;增强,增进

call up 打电话,召集

catch up with 赶上

cheer up 高兴起来,振作起来

clear up 清理;使变清洁;放晴

come up 出现,走上前来

come up with 追上,赶上;提出

draw up 起草,制订

dress up 穿上盛装,精心打扮

end up 结束,告终

face up to 大胆面对

get up 起床;起立

give up 放弃;投降

go up 上升,(物价等)上涨

grow up 成熟;成年;发展

hang up 把……挂起来;挂断(电话)

hold up 举起;耽搁,延迟

hurry up (使)赶快,匆匆完成

keep up with 跟上,不落后

line up 排队,使排成一行

live up to 无愧于;做到;符合

look up 向上看;(在字典中)查出

make up 组成,构成;编造,虚伪;化妆

make up one’s mind 下定决心,打定主意

mix up 搅和;混淆

pick up 捡起;(车等)中途搭人;学会

put up 举起;建造;张贴

put up with 忍受,容忍(讨厌的人)

ring up 打电话

set up 创立,建立,为……作好准备;暑期,建造

show up 来到,露面

stand up 起立;(论点、论据等)站得住脚

sum up 总结,概括

take up 开始从事;占去占据

turn up 出现,来到;开大,调大

use up 用完,耗尽

warm up (使)暖起来;(使)变热

wash up 洗餐具;洗手洗脸

with regard to 关于,至于

with respect to 关于,至于

deal with 兑付,处理;论述,涉及

do away with 废除,去掉

have nothing to do with 和……毫无关系

have (sonething) to do with 和……(有点)关系



1、The manager told us that this factory was built in 1958.

2、By the time we got there, the play had already begun.

3、When I was a child, I knew that the earth turns about its axis.

4、When Mr.Delay got home after a day’s exhausting work, his wife and children were sleeping.


1、The film showed last night was very moving. (不用moved,大家别忘了-ed形容词和-ing形容词的区别)

2、Having finishing his lecture, the teacher asked if anyone wished to asked a question.

3、The problem being discussed is very important.

4、Given more time, we are sure to finish it.

5、Will you please make yourself known to everyone here


1、It is difficult to study English well.

2、We think it is important to pass the exam.

四、强调句型(大家要记住的是it is (was)……。that…。,如果前面是it iswas 后面往往选用that,当然强调人的时候也可用who)

1、It was at an evening party that I first saw her.

2、It is what you will do that is important.

3、When was it that he bought a new car



1、Stop talking! There comes the teacher.


1、So badly was he hurt in the accident that he had to be sent to hospital.

2、Not only does he study well, but also he is always ready to help others.

3、Mary has done well in the English exam. So she has. She always does well in the exam.

六、从句中选择关系词题(重点在定语从句,多看笔记, becausesincenow thatasfor; so…that…such… that…)

1、It was in so friendly a way that he talked with us.

2、Oct.15, 2005 is a day when we will take our English examination.

3、We want to buy the same book as you are reading.

4、The sun heats the earth, which is very important to living things.

七、虚拟语气(我们要记住与现在,过去,将来相反的三种情况,特别是与过去相反的情况最常考,再有就是wishas if 后面所接的三种情况,还有一个常考点在suggest,demand,require,order等表示建议,要求,命令的词后面加从句时,从句里谓语要用(should)+动词原形,如果是被动则用(should +be +动词过去分词)

1、I would have done it better if I had had more time.

2、I wish you would go with us tomorrow.

3、I suggest that we (should )adopt a different policy.

4、Had it not been for your help, we would never have been able to get over the difficulties.

八、情态动词题(除了掌握常见情态动词基本用法外,常考点在三种表推测的情况,分别为must表对现在事情的肯定推测 ,can’t表对现在事实的否定推测, must have +v-ed表示对过去事实的肯定推测,而则表示过去应该做某事而没有做)

1、The ground is so wet, it must have rained last night.

2、She must be a doctor, I think.

3、I should have called you last week, but I was too busy then.

九、几组形容词及副词区别题(注意比较级、最高级、倍数表达; likelypossibleprobable; worthworthy; too muchmuch too; alreadyyet等)

1、His books are three time as many as my books.

2、The Nile river is the longest river in the world.

3、It is much too hot tonight.

4、The harder he worked, the happier he felt.

十、主谓一致题(往往出题者都是考谓语动词选单数这种情况,如each,every,everyone这样的词作主语以及Mary, like many other girls likes listening to music这样的题)

1、The moral of the officers and crew was very high.

2、Each boy and each girl in the city is asked to go to school.

3、Neither the quality nor the prices have changed.(近位原则)

十一、动词及动词词组区别题(常考的有raiserisearisearose; spendcosttakepayafford; woundinjurehurtdamage; findfindoutdiscoverinvent; hitstrikeringbeat; tellsayspeaktalk; joinjoin intake part in等以及我所讲过的动词短语)

1、Can you tell the difference between these two words

2、He joined the army three years ago.


1、They will leave the classroom when they have finished writing.

2、We will start to work as soon as our teacher comes.

十三、名词所有格以及名词后面有限定时则该名词前一定要加定冠词the题(名词的格有以下两种情况,Tom’book, 以及 the books of our school,特别是用of表示的所有格我们一定要习惯这种表达)

1、Beijing is the capital of China.

2、He can’t have the expience of all of the world.

十四、常用介词区别题(如on, in, except besides, within, without, through等)

1、You should write in ink not with your pencil.

2、He pulled her into the train by the arm.

3、by bustrainair…。 On foot, on the farm, in the morningafternoonevening, at nightnoon

十五、常考代词题(常考的有otherothers, anotherthe other; sometimessome timesometime; thatwhich; thatwhat, eitherneitheror; tooalsoeither; manymucha great deal ofa great number ofa great amount of; a fewfewlittlea little; as long asas far as; so long asso far as )

1、That you don’t like him is none of my business.

2、The weather in the north is much colder than that in the south in January.

3、He must be a worker. I think so.




As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.






To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句)。 Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.




1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)

2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)

3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)

4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place,lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)

5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)

6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)

7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)8)most important of all, moreover, finally

9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)




I cannot bear it.

可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

I want it.

可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.




humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:

走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room

但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room

小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room

小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room

老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room






I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar.


Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.


besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover



The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.

The coat was thin, but it was warm.



1.When asked about the ongoing uproar involving U.S. President Bill Clinton , most people say the affair involves a purely private matter . But many other people regard his actions as deplorable . I personally think the president committed impeachable offences .


2. When it comes to the increasing use of motor vehicles in Beijing , some people think that use should be limited . Others argue that the opposite is true . There is probably some truth to both arguments,but emission controls must be instituted regardless of the number of vehicles.


3. There is a general debate nowadays about the problem of itinerant workers . Those who object to the rising migrant population argue that increasing numbers lead to rising crime rates and harm social stability . They believe that strict limits should be placed on migrants entering China ‘ s cities . But people who favor the influx of the cheap labor force , on the other hand , maintain that migrants are needed to support the massive urban infrastructure construction program .


4. It is widely acknowledged that extensive deforestation contributed to heavy summer flooding . Experts argue that China must introduce a massive afforestation program . But I doubt whether afforestation alone will solve the problem .


5. Most people are of the opinion that wealth provides solutions to all problems . But in spite of the material benefits wealth provides , I believe one should abandon the pursuit of materialism and instead concentrate on the pursuit of happiness .


6. Many people believe that capital punishment deters crime . But although criminologists have conducted exhaustive research regarding the subject , little evidence exists to support the claim .


7. An increasing number of people are joining the “ Information Age ” via the Internet . In reaction to the phenomenon , some say the Internet has removed barrters and provided people with immediate access to the world . But do they raelize that rapidly advancing information technology can also lead to intrusions of privacy ?


8. The use of guanxi is a widespread method for conducting business , but is it a wise one ? The method is now being challenged by more and more people .利用关系是做生意的普遍做法,但这种做法明智吗?现在,越来越多的人对这种方法提出了质疑。

9. These days we often hear about the widening gap between the rich and poor . Some argue the developed world has totally ignored the problem . But has it ? Close examination fails to bear out the argument .


10. We ‘ re often told that the world is tethering on the brink of destruction . But is this really the case ?


11. One of the pressing problema facing our nation ( China ) today is overcoming disparities in urban and rural income levels .


12. One of the most serious problems many people talk about centers on the lack of adequate housing space .


13. Perhaps the most dangerous phenomenon gripping the nation today is official corruption , which is pervasive in all levels of government .


14. Inflation is yet another new and bitter truth we must learn to face .


15. The rapid expansion of urban areas has in many cases encroached on valuable cultivatable land , and led to a general recognition that development must not be carried at the cost of agriculture . The government has attached greater importance to the problem and an increasing number of redundant projects are being terminated .


16. There is a growing worldwide awareness of the need for strengthened environmental protection .


17. There has been a dramatic increase in the spread of HIV/AIDS in recent years , with a new study projecting that the dreaded disease will affect over 30 million people worldwide by the year 2005 .


18. Working with the disabled cannot help but leave one impressed with their indefatigable desire .


19. Perhaps no issues are more controversial than euthanasia and abortion , both of which involve taking the life of a human being .


20. Never before in history has the issue of overpopulation been more evident than now .


21. Perhaps it is time to reexamine the idea that college degrees are a guarantee of intelligence .


22. A growing number of people are beginning to realize that wealth is not the sole prerequisite for happiness .


23. In spite of the extraordinary progress made in science and technology , problems remain in terms of guaranteeing that achievements benefit the greatest number of people .


24. A famous thinker once wrote that “ the greatest threat to mankind is mankind itself ! ” If this is indeed the case , then the current situation should make us ponder our futuer existence .


25. U.S. President Harry Truman once remarked : “ The buck stops here ! ” His view has been confirmed by numerous world leaders who have assumed full responsibility for their actions .


26. Large families were once seen as a blessing . Today , however , things are changing and an increasing number of Chinese parents realize that fewer is better .


27. People used to place total reliance on the government . The so-called “ iron rice bowl ” prevailed in the past , but things are quite different today .


28. Several years ago , Chinese streets were filled with people wearing identical drab clothing . Today , however , things are quite different and the streets are awash with people wearing fashionable bright colored outfits . Why has the change taken place ?


29. Years of observing human behavior has enabled me to conclude that the major difference between mediocrity and success lies solely with the inpidual concerned . Successful inpiduals consistently seek advancement , while their less industrious contemporaries are merely content with the status quo .


30. Traditional way of thinking have changed dramatically . The pendulum has swung and people are exhibiting greater open-mindedness and a burning desire to detemine their own destiny .


31. There has been undesirable trend in recent years towards the worship of money . A recent survey showed that X percent of respondents ranked getting rich as their top priority , compared to X percent only a few years ago . Why do people fail to realize that wealth does not necessarily bring happiness ?


32. Some months ago , a friend of mine was killed in a tragic automobile accident involving a drunk driver . The incident was far from rare , and was in fact typical of thousands of cases involving people dricing under the influence of alcohol .


33. I recently read a newspaper article on the rampant spread of child abuse . The deplorable problem of the widespread abuse of innocent children has aroused public concern nationwide .


34. Should parents spare the rod and spoil the child ? Opinions concerning strict parental discipline vary widely . Some view strict discipline as nothing more than a form of abuse , while others argue it is an essential factor for instilling appropriate social behavior .


35. What do you think of the increasing openness accompanying the ongoing sexual revolution ? Do you ever fantasize ? Answers to these questions should be based on a determination between appropriate and inappropriate behavior .


36. Why do some governments persist in spending billions of dollars on space exploration when starvation and poverty continue to grip many countries throughout the world ? This particular question is being raised by an ever increasing number of people .


37. Judging from the reams of evidence presented , we can safely conclude that the Three Gorges Project will change the lives of an untold number of people forever .


38. The ample evidence presented enables us to reasonably conclude that the scourge of AIDS will be brought under control in the foreseeable future .


39. We must seek immediate solutions for problems leading to the rapid depletion of the earth’s ozone layer . If allowed to proceed unchecked , the problem will undoubtedly exacerbate global warming and threaten life as we know it today .


40. Quite obviously , immediate action is needed to extricate 80 million Chinese people from the grips of poverty in order to remove the danger of social unrest and ensure continuing stability .


41. China needs to reexamine the results of political and social modernization in order to ascertain the benefits and indeed the detrimental aspects from a new perspective . Otherwise , various perceived accomplishments might in fact prove to be far from beneficial .


42. It is essential to heed warnings of potentially catastrophic consequences associated with the Year 2000 computer bug and , in turn , to attach top priority to finding effective solutions to ensure a smooth transition into the new century .


43. It is high time we put an end to the deplorable practice of infanticide.


44. There is little doubt that immediate action is required to eliminate the scourge of corruption once and forever .


45. In short , we must work diligently to make the world a better place for coming generations . We must not persist in pursuits harmful to the environment .


46. We must avoid overindulgence and conspicuous consumption . We must instead continue to recognize the benefits of thrift in order to protect our newfound prosperity .


47. It is absolutely essential to reverse the irrational misuse of nonrenewable resources . For example , fuel-efficient motor vehicles must be developed to reduce oil consumption and alternative energy sources must be found to replace coal .


48. While achieving success is easier said than done , persistence does in fact pay off . One of the most important traits of a successful person is self-confidence , another is desire , and still another is determination .


49. Recognizing a problem is the first step in finding a solution .


50. Many of the explanations offered thus far are at least to a certain extent valid , but none fully address the problem and the issue must be examined in a wider context .


51. There are no immediate solutions for reversing the Asian financial crisis , but convincing affected nations to practice fiscal restraint will be highly beneficial .


52. Immediate solutions for solving problems surrounding poverty remain elusive . However , public recognition of the necessity to provide a better quality of life for millions of people will represent the first step in finding effective solutions .


53. What dose the future hold if mankind persists in wasting natural resources ? While no one knows for sure , scientists do exhibit a degree of certainty when predicting that future generations will face a dramatically diffrernt world .


54. Reversing undesirable social trends will be far from an easy task and will require a dramatic change in attitudes . A keen awareness of right from wrong is essential for determining appropriate social behavior .


55. We owe a debt of gratitude to the many inpiduals who dedicated their lives to making the world a better place . However , we must not rest on their accomplishments , but must instead work assiduously to record even greater achievements .


56. The two major challenges facing China today center on maintaining sustained economic growth and feeding its growing population of over 1.2 billion people with only seven percent of the world’s cultivable land . Despite the monumental difficulties involved , Chinese people will undoubtedly exhibit their indefatigable resilience and achieve great success in both regards .


57. We do , in fact , have a long way to go to reach our final goal , but achieving some remains well within the realm of possibility .


58. The time is right for us to take full advantage of ample existing opportunities .


59. While it remains to be seen whether or not environmental deterioration can be controlled , the current prospects are far from encouraging . People around the world must act immediately to prevent the situation from deteriorating even further .


60. The methodology suggested may not guarantee ultimate success , but the eventual pay-off could well be worth the effort . Achieving even partial success will benefit mankind and contribute to creating a better world .


61. Admittedly , ensuring sustainable development will require a certain level of sacrifice and arduous efforts on the part of all people . Nonetheless , the accrued returns will both strengthen the nation and ensure a better life for all Chinese citizens .


62. The rapid emergence of homes for senior citizens represents a sharp pergence from the traditional Chinese practice of maintaining the nuclear family at all costs .


63. Participating in interactive experiences beneficial to all is something that no one should miss . The valuable lessons learned therefrom should not be arbitrarily dismissed , but should instead be treasured .


64. Abortion advocates may be correct in their assertion that the practice is a necessary tool of population control , but they seem to neglect the preciousness of human life in its earliest stages .


65. Some people assert that nothing is impossible . Such people should get a grip on reality and understand it’s impossible to create another Universe . In more down-to-earth terms , it’s impossible to know with any certainty whether you will live or die tomorrow .


66. Two major factors contributed to devastating summer flooding along the Yangtze River and its tributaries . First , erosion resulting from excessive deforestation in the upper reaches of the river and , second ,heavy silting which raised the riverbed in the main channel .


67. Greed and a total lack of social consciousness have been cited as major reasons for the dramatic rise corruption .


68. There are several reasons for the marked increase in China’s crime rate-the dramatic influx of itinerant workers in urban areas ; declining social values ; and widening disparities between the haves and have-nots .


69. Why are an increasing number of elderly Chinese parents living apart from their children ? One reason is the increasing upward mobility of the younger generation . Another is expanding social opportunities for the elderly . Perhaps the main reason , however , centers on dramatic changes in traditional concepts .


70. What has sparked the increasing interest in exercise ? For one thing , people have gained a greater awareness of the need for physical fitness . For another , the constantly improving standard of living enables Chinese people to patronize the increasing number of recreational venues . The main thing perhaps centers on the healthcare and psychological benefits exercise provides .


71. Identifying the reasons for an emerging phenomenon which involves several complicated factors is far from an easy task . For example , some scientists attribute environmental deterioration to a series of natural factors , while others place the blame solely on inappropriate human behavior .


72. One doesn’t have to look far to realize the direct correlation between smoking and cancer .


73. The explanation for the phenomenon of the rising teenage suicide rate involves many complicated factors . Some attribute the rise to an overemphasis on early success , others point to mounting peer pressure , and still others to confusion over changing social values .


74. The reasons for antisocial behavior are both complicated and varied . I suggest the phenomenon results from inappropriate role models and the lack of well-defined norms of behavior . However , the main reason is quite likely the continuing degeneration of social values .


75. The causes of racial hatred are not readily definable . Sociologists , however , attribute them to the misguided concept of a superior race and an innate mistrust of people of color . Perhaps the main cause is quite simply ignorance .


76. The scourge of HIV/AIDS currently engulfing the world will quite likely be brought under control within the next few years thanks to the untiring efforts of scientists and researchers worldwide .


77. The incidence rate of cancer mainly stems from several factors , including inappropriate diets , poor healthcare practices and the lack of early detection . Continuing medical advances and rising awareness do , however , offer promising hope for the future .


78. Increased urban pollution levels and the mounting death toll from motor vehicles accidents can mainly be attributed to the glut of automobiles appearing on city roads in recent years . Detrimental factors will quite likely outweigh the benefits of rising automobile usage .


79. The rising porce rate in China can , at least in part , be attributed to spousal incompatibility , disparities in education levels , changing social attitudes and the increasing upward mobility of the younger generation .


80. State-owned enterprises are not only failing because of inefficient management , but also because of their inability to awitch operational modes from the former planned economy to the new market economy .


81. Although we do not know the long-term consequences of separation or deprivation , we do know that they can produce acute immediate distress .


82. One can raedily trace the disappearance of dinosaurs to a major cataclysmic event .


83. The raesons for poverty are many , but for the most part center on illiteracy , the lack of opportunities and in some cases pure laziness .


84. Child development depends on a number of factors , both physical and psychological . Correct parental nurturing from infancy through adolescence determines both the physical and mental profile of a mature inpidual .


85. Factors such as self-condidence and ambition , combined with determination and willpower , contribute to eventual success or failure .


86. Various factors will weigh heavily on China’s eventual entry into the World Trade Organization ( WTO ) . One centers on the total abandonment of protectionism , and the other on the adoption of generally accepted international accounting norms .


87. One of the most common failures of people today is to avoid telling the truth . People must realize that avoidance and lying have never in the past and , in fact , never will right a wrong .


88. Central planning has , at least in part , been blamed for the current demise of state-owned enterprises . Perhaps , however , the greatest blame should be placed on factors such as grossly inefficient management ; the rampant practice of “ guanxi ” , cronyism and nepotism ; excessively large work forces ; abuses of social benefits ; and without a doubt corruption .


89. A recent survey revealed large disparities in the income levels of male and female workers holding the same position . The determining factor should be qualifications , rather than gender , when determining both the salary and position of an inpidual .


90. Social finesse , willingness to relocate and language capacity are also determinant factora in assessing job qualifications .


91. The tumultuous Cultural Revolution was chiefly responsible for the searing desire for change in China .


92. Traditional beliefs do not in themselves explain the lingering prevalence of outdated concepts in China .


93. Some lay the blame for falling exports squarely on financial turmoil sweeping many Asian countries . The fact of the matter is , however , that proportionate blame should be assigned to the lackadaisical approach to developing new markets , failure to improve product quality and government inaction in the realm of support .


94. We often ignore the real problem and instead search for a needle in a haystack . Solving problems of any kind requires one to adopt a direct approach which addresses all relevant issues .


95. Claiming a lack of opportunities is nothing more than a superficial excuse for justifying failure . The fundamental reason for failure is most often the lack of drive on the part of the inpidual involved .


96. We can , and quite often do , blame our contemporaries for personal failures , but the fact of the matter is that the root causes for most problems go much deeper .


97. The rapidly emerging sexual revolution has been accompanied by many disturbing trends . Perhaps the most serious consequences center on the rapid spread of sexually transmitted diseases ( STDs ) , rising prostitution and the rise in AIDS cases .


98. The deep impact of opening to the outside world is readily discernible in a number of areas : the adoption of many Western habits , both good and bad ; changing social and moral values ; the trend towards inpidualism ; and the introduction of state-of-the-art concepts and technology . The key to adopting Western way centers on accepting the good and rejecting the bad .


99. The arrival of the so-called “ Information Age ” will undoubtedly have a profound influence on our lives . The task at hand center on using the technology for beneficial purposes , while at the same time preventing intrusions of privacy and use of the electronic highway for deceitful purposes .


100. No one can doubt that the reform and opening policies introduced in 1979 have had a profound impact on the lives of Chinese citizens . Changes resulting therefrom have not only impacted the economic system , but the social system as well .